Reported speech

We use the reported speech to say what someone has already said, for example: Jane said that he was tired.
But when we change a speech to a reported speech we must do some changes in the verbs and pronouns. You find explanations about these changes in the table below:

Direct Speech Reported speech
Simple PresentPresent ContinuousPresent Perfect

Future (going to)

Past Simple

Past Continuous

Past Perfect

Past Perfect Continuous

Simple PastPast ContinuousPast Perfect

Past (going to)

Past Perfect

Past Perfect Continuous

No Change

No Change

Rules of using Modal Verbs :

Direct Speech Reported Speech

will

shall

can

must

would

should

could

have to

Changes in the time:

Direct Speech Indirect Speech

Last

Next

Tomorrow

Now

Here

The previous

The following

The following day

Then

There

To see some examples, click here

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