Category: Grammar

Infinitive or gerund ? part 2

Welcome to the second part of the lesson: infinitive or gerund? if you don’t have an idea about infinitive and gerund, take a look at this lesson: infinitive & gerund We use gerund when it’s preceded by on of these verbs: admit advise appreciate avoid can’t help complete consider delay deny detest dislike enjoy escape excuse

Infinitive or gerund ?

Hello everybody. As a response to a question from one of our visitors, we will talk, in this lesson, about infinitive and gerund, and when we use either infinitive or gerund. if you don’t have an idea about infinitive and gerund, take a look at this lesson: infinitive & gerund We use infinitive when it’s preceded

Prepositions of time

Hello everybody We’ll talk in this course about prepositions of time: At, In and On. At We use at with times: when we talk about a precise time of the day (three O’clock..) or a part of the day (night..). Examples: – We are leaving at midnight. – You should get up at 9 O’Clock.

the quantifiers: some and any

Welcome to this new course, it will be about the quantifiers: some and any These expressions are used to express the quantity of something when we are not interested in knowing the exact amount. They are used with both countable and uncountable nouns. Some is usually used in positive statements: I have some great ideas

the quantifiers: A few, few, a little and little

Welcome to this new course, it will be about the quantifiers: A few, few, a little and little These expressions are used to express the quantity of something. the difference between them is in the way we are expressing the quantity, it may be positive or negative. A few A few is used when we

the demonstratives: This, that, these and those

Hello english learner In this course we will study the demonstratives: This, that, these and those. The demonstratives have the function of showing the position of something according to the speaker. This: This is singular, and refers to something that is near the speaker. – This is my house. – What is this? That: That

Comparison with than and as as

Hello in this course we will talk about comparison. in a previous course, we saw the comparatives, now we will see their usage in a sentence to compare two things, people or events. Comparative+than: We use this case when there is a difference between between the two things we compare, examples: – I am taller

Must & Have to

Hello english learner! Welcome to this course, here we will study the verbs Must and Have to and their differences. – Both Have to and Must are used to express an obligation. But Must is subjective: it’s the speaker who thinks this is an obligation, but for ‘Have to’ the speaker is obliged. I must

May & Might

Hello everybody ! In this new course we will study the two forms of the verb ‘May’ (May & Might) and their usage. – May is used to ask for a permission in a polite way, for example: May I borrow your bicycle? May we go out? and May can be used in the answer

Comparison: comparative and superlative

Hello In this course we will study the comarison in the english language. The comparison of the adjectives has two forms called: the comparative and the superlative. Adjective Comparative Superlative 1- Great 2- Easy 3- Old 4- Big 5- Simple 6- Good Greater Easier Older Bigger Simpler Better Greatest Easiest Oldest Biggest Simplest Best From

Questions: What, who, where, when and why

Hello ! In this course we will talk about something called “wh questions”. We will study the question words: Who, what, where and when. These words are used in the beginning of sentences to express an interrogative situation. What: What is used to ask about a thing or an action. Examples: -What is this? -What

Phrasal verbs

Heloo everybody to this course. We’ll talk about special verbs in english language. They are called Phrasal verbs. A phrasal verb is a verb + a preposition. The addition of the preposition changes the meaning of the first verb.   Examples: Example: Meaning: Break inBreak down Break up Break out Enter with force.Stop. End a

Possessive pronouns: Mine, yours, his/hers/its, ours, theirs

Hello dear english learner ! In this course, we will talk about special pronouns used in the english language to express the possession (ownership) of something. We are talking about possessive pronouns. The main possessive pronouns are: Possessive adjective Possessive pronouns My Your His Her Its Our Their Mine Yours His Hers Its Ours Theirs

Possessive adjectives : my, your, his, her, our, yours

Hello dear english learner ! In this course, we will talk about special adjectives used in the english language to express the possession (ownership) of something. We are talking about possessive adjectives. The main possessive adjectives are: Possessive adjective Example My Your His Her Its Our Their My friend is a good friend. is that

Prepositions: For and Since

Hello dear visitors Here we will talk about two prepositions usually used in the english language to talk about time: For/Since. For Since For is used to talk about a period of time, it precise the length of the period.Examples: for two hours, for twenty years, for five minutes. Since is used to precise the

Questions Interrogative sentences

Hello dear english learners Welcome to this course where we will talk about questions in the english language. The main change to do when we pass from affirmative sentence to an interrogative sentence (question) is to invert the order of the subject and the first auxiliary verb. Here are some examples: You are from France.

Either/or and neither/nor

Hello dear english learners In this course, we will talk about some expressions used in the english language: Either/or & Neither/nor. Either/or: Either and Or are used together in a sentence to compare two things or two actions and just one can happen. Example: – Either you go to school or you go home. This

Relative clause: who, that, which, when, where, why and whom

Hello dear visitors In this course, we will talk about relative clause. we begin with some examples to introduce you to this grammar lesson: The man who is with the teacher is my father Here is the hotel that my friend visited yesterday The city where I live is beautiful You may notice in these

I wish / if only

Hello everybody today we will talk about a different course of grammar. it’s about the expressions “I wish” and “if only”. These two expressions are used in different forms to express wish, regret or complaining. How to express wish In this case, both expressions I wish and if only are followed by simple past. The

Article zero

Before reading this lesson, it’s advisable to see this one: Articles a/an and the Article zero: we talk about it when we don’t need to use an article before a noun in a sentence. I love the cats. Not correct I love cats. Correct We don’t use any article in these situations: 1-When we talk about

Definite and indefinite articles a/an,the

In english there are two types of articles, definite articles and indefinite articles: Indefinite articles are A and AN, we use them when the noun is unknown, when it’s not a specific object. when the noun begins with a consonant we use a, and an when the noun begins with a vowel (a,e,i,o,u). Examples: I saw a movie last night. a movie The goal is

Singular and plural

In english, the plural is often formed by adding “s” to the singular form. Examples: Singular Plural lesson book car … lessons books cars … But there are cases where we add more than “s”, for example: For the words ending by Consonant+y, we substitute Y by IES. Singular Plural City Cherry Lady … cities

English prepositions

Prepositions are words that are usually followed by nouns or pronouns. A noun or pronoun that comes after a preposition is calles the object of the preposition. Below there are some of the most common prepositions, their meanings and examples on each one of them 1- About a. On the subject of This is a

Infinitive & gerund

Infinitive: Infinitive is formed by this form: To + Verb , it can be a subject or a direct object …….etc Examples: -To play football is your hobby. (Here it’s a subject) -You need to learn english! It’s an important language. (Here it’s an object) Gerund: Gerund is a noun ending always by ING, it can be a subject, a (in)direct object….etc Examples: -Learning english

Examples of reported speech

Examples of reported speech Direct Speech Reported speech He said:”I am tired”.I said:”I am reading the book”. You said:”I had already visited London”. “I am going to travel”said Maria. We said:”we visited Beijing” He said that He was tired.I said that I was reading the book. You said that you had already visited London. Maria

Reported speech

We use the reported speech to say what someone has already said, for example: Jane said that he was tired. But when we change a speech to a reported speech we must do some changes in the verbs and pronouns. You find explanations about these changes in the table below: Direct Speech Reported speech Simple PresentPresent

Passive voice

The passive voice refers to a sentence in which the subject receives the action. Its form is: To be + Past participle for example: Active voice Passive voice Tom steal the car. The car is stolen by Tom.   There are some changes that we have to do when we form the passive voice, like “Tenses Changes” that we

Conditional type 3

We use the conditional type 3 to express Regret or to talk about events and actions in the past that are impossible. It’s form is: If + Subject + Verb(past perfect) + Subject + Would + have + Past participle The sentence is composed of two parts: Conditional clause & Main clause. the conditional clause is formed by IF+Past perfect, and the main clause is

conditional type 2

We use the conditional type 2 when we want talk about event that are not true: events that couldn’t happen in the present or the future. It’s form is: If + Subject + Verb(simple past) ,+ Subject + Would + verb The sentence is composed of two parts: Conditional clause & Main clause. the conditional clause is formed by IF+Simple past, and

conditional type 1

We use the Conditional type 1 to express events which can occur in the present or the future. It’s very likely that the condition will be true. it’s form is:                   If+Subject + verb(simple present) + subject + Will+ Verb The sentence is composed of two parts: Conditional clause & Main clause. the conditional clause is formed by IF+Present Simple, and